start [stärt]
[ME sterten < OE styrtan & ON sterta, akin to Ger stürzen, to overthrow < IE * sterd- < base * (s)ter-, stiff, walk stiffly > STARE, STARVE, STORK]
1. to make a sudden, involuntary or unexpected movement, as when surprised; jump, leap, jerk, etc. in a startled way
2. to be displaced; become loose, warped, etc.
3. to stick out or seem to stick out [eyes starting in fear]
a) to begin to do something or go somewhere; go into action or motion
b) to make or have a beginning; commence
5. to be among the beginning entrants, as in a race; be a starter
6. to spring into being, activity, view, or the like
1. to cause to jump or move suddenly; rouse or flush (game)
2. to displace, loosen, warp, etc.
a) to enter upon; begin to perform, play, do, etc.
b) to cause or enable to begin; set into motion, action, or operation
4. to introduce (a subject, topic, or discussion)
5. to open and make the contents flow from (a receptacle); tap
a) to give the starting signal for (a race) or to (the contestants in a race)
b) to cause to be an entrant in a race, etc.
c) to put (a player) into a game at the beginning
d) to play in (a game) at the beginning: said of a player
7. Now Chiefly Dial. to cause to start, or move involuntarily; startle
1. a sudden, brief shock or fright; startled reaction
2. a sudden, startled movement; jump, leap, jerk, etc.
3. [pl.] sudden, usually brief bursts of activity: usually in the phrase by fits and starts
a) a part that is loosened, warped, etc.
b) a break or gap resulting from this
5. a starting, or beginning; a getting into action or motion; commencement; specif., the fact of being part of the team that starts a game [a pitcher with 30 starts for the season]
a) a place where, or a time when, a beginning is made, as in a race; starting point [ahead from the start]
b) a lead or other advantage, as at the beginning of a race or contest
c) a signal to begin, as in a race
7. an opportunity of beginning or entering upon a career, etc.
8. Archaic an outburst or fit, as of emotion, or a sally, as of wit
start a hare
Chiefly Brit. to initiate a topic of conversation
☆ start in
to begin a task, activity, etc.
start out or start off
1. to start a journey
2. to make a start on some course of action or procedure
start something
to cause a disturbance or trouble
start up
1. to rise up or stand suddenly, as in fright
2. to come into being suddenly; spring up
3. to cause (a motor, etc.) to begin running

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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